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2003 Key Stage 2 English SATs Reading Booklet To The Rescue (filename "ks2-english-2003-reading-booklet.pdf") includes:

Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk Contents Introduction 5 Quiet Heroine 6 a story in which a young girl performs an act of heroism Superheroes 8 information about what makes a superhero The Further Adventures of Souperkid 8 a comic strip superhero to the rescue Special Effects on Film 10 inside information on how special effects are created on screen Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk Introduction Many people, both children and adults, enjoy stories which are about heroes, heroines or superheroes. There are heroes in almost every book we read and in every film we see, but what is a hero? Does a hero always have to be brave? Or strong? Does a hero have to have special powers? In this booklet you will have a chance to find out something about heroes in fiction and superheroes in fantasy, as we take a look at what makes a hero on paper and on screen. Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk 5 http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk Quiet Heroine This story takes place in a forested region of the eastern USA. Lyddie, the eldest daughter, is preparing breakfast one morning. Lyddie looked up from the pot of oatmeal she was stirring over the fire, and there in the doorway was a massive black head, the nose up and smelling, the tiny eyes bright with hungry anticipation. “Don’t nobody yell,” she said softly. “Just back up slow and quiet to the ladder and climb up to the loft. Charlie, you get Agnes, and Mama, you take Rachel.” She heard her mother whimper. “Shhh,” she continued, her voice absolutely even. “It’s all right as long as nobody gets upset. Just take it nice and gentle. I’m watching him all the way, and I’ll yank the ladder up after me.” They obeyed her, even Mama, though Lyddie could hear her sucking in her breath. Behind Lyddie’s back, the ladder creaked, as two by two, first Charles and Agnes, then Mama and Rachel, climbed up into the loft. Lyddie glared straight into the bear’s eyes, daring him to step forward into the cabin. Then when the ladder was silent and she could hear the slight rustling above her as the family settled themselves on the straw mattresses, she backed up to the ladder and, never taking her eyes off the bear, inched her way up to the loft. At the top she almost fell backward on to the platform. Charles dragged her on to the mattress beside her mother. Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk 6 http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk The racket released the bear from the charm Lyddie seemed to have placed on him. He banged the door aside and rushed in toward the ladder, but Charles snatched it. The bottom rungs swung out, hitting the beast on the nose. The blow startled him momentarily, giving Lyddie a chance to help Charles haul the ladder up on to the platform and out of reach. The old bear roared in frustration and waved at the empty air with his huge paws, then reared up on his hind legs. He was so tall that his nose nearly touched the edge of the loft. The little girls cried out. Their mother screamed, “Oh my!” “Hush,” Lyddie commanded. “You’ll just make him madder.” The cries were swallowed up in anxious gasps of breath. Charles’s arms went round the little ones, and Lyddie put a firm grip on her mother’s shoulder. It was trembling, so Lyddie relaxed her fingers and began to stroke. “It’s all right,” she murmured. “He can’t reach us.” From Lyddie by Katherine Paterson Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk 7 http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk Superheroes THE earliest superheroes appeared in comic books in the 1930s. Some of them such as Captain Marvel are less well known today but others from that era, Superman for example, are still with us. They appear in feature films, cartoons, on television, as well as in comics and a new type of fiction called ‘graphic novels’. Such is their appeal that many of them – Batman, Superman and Wonder Woman, to name but three – are known throughout the world and their stories are told in many languages. Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk OF COURSE superheroes may be popular all over the world, but that does not mean that everybody likes them. Some people argue that their adventures are far-fetched and unrealistic. They are accused of having a harmful influence on children who put themselves in danger by copying their heroes’ impossible deeds. Others enjoy the stories for their excitement, suspense and escape from reality. Fans revel in knowing every detail about their superheroes: their individual powers, their intriguing costumes, their unique physical features – even their family backgrounds. While fans may be interested in the detailed differences between these characters, there are certain features they have in common and which they have to possess in order to qualify as ‘superheroes’. 8 http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk SUPERHEROES must have: extraordinary powers – they may have the ability to appear and disappear, fly, or see with x-ray vision; superhuman strength – they have to be exceptionally strong and fast; a sharp mind – they must be quick thinkers to detect clues, to unravel mysteries and decide on the course of action; a sense of justice – they fight crime, never give in, always do the right thing for the good of others; courage – they are always willing to take risks to save others; skills to take on any evil – they are able to battle against a single individual, or a thousand, against humans, animals or enemies from another planet; a secret identity – they lead double lives as part-time heroes, part-time ordinary humans; a special costume – they are recognised as superheroes by their unique outfits; Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk 9 AND THEY ALWAYS TRIUMPH ... in the end. http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk … on film THE ACTORS who play superheroes in films are just ordinary humans. Somehow film makers have to make them fly, appear or disappear and escape from all forms of danger in order to make their characters seem superhuman. A large team of technicians helps the director and camera crew in creating the various special effects used to give the impression that something extraordinary is taking place on screen. Flying, for example, is something we often see superheroes do and there are lots of ways to create the illusion that someone is flying. It can be done by simply suspending an actor from wires in front of a moving background; or it can be done by computer, which can be complicated and take much longer. Reporter, Jo Novak, asked three technicians about the part they play in creating special effects. These are their answers to her questions. Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk 10 http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk Q How do actors survive the fires, explosions and other dangerous accidents in films? They don’t! Only a stunt double sure that my life is never put at like me can do that. Films would any risk, though. If I have to fall be very boring without the from an upstairs window, I wear exciting scenes stunt doubles padded body armour under my perform. The way it works is costume and land on soft crash that I get made up and dressed mats to cushion my fall. Close- to look like the main star. I do ups of the star are added later, all the dangerous, exciting bits so the audience think she was instead of the actor. You can’t the only one ever involved in tell it’s me because all my shots the action. That’s how actors are filmed from a distance so are made to seem braver than that you never get a clear view A they really are! of my face. I’m trained to make Molly Lerner, stunt double Q How do actors change from ordinary humans into superheroes, monsters or even aliens? A That’s what we call computer needs only two ‘still’ morphing – transforming one images – the actor before and image into another. Before after the change. These two computers, this was a lengthy photographs are all that is process that involved gradually needed by the computer altering an actor’s make-up and program to generate all the filming each new look after stages in between, blending each make-up change. them so smoothly that you My most complex project believe the transformation required 15 applications of is happening before your make-up. Now, a hi-tech very eyes. Hema Aslam, make-up artist Q How do you make the bangs, crashes and other sound effects? A My job, as part of the sound made by squeezing custard crew, starts when the filming is powder inside a rubber glove; finished. We work on the actors’ the sound of crackling fire is dialogue, the music and all the made by rustling paper. On the splats, bangs and crashes you other hand, we produce roars, get in action films. We create explosions and the thud … most sounds artificially, record thud … thud of a heartbeat them and add them at this late electronically, using a stage. A lot of our work is still synthesizer. This sound is stored done without computers. You’d on a computer and called up never guess, but the scrunching when needed to fit the film. sound of footsteps in snow is Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk 11 Darren Hughes, sound technician http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk Acknowledgements: Lyddie by Katherine Paterson, published by Victor Gollancz, London, 1991. This text has been incorporated into this test paper solely for the purposes of the examination in accordance with Section 32(3) of the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988. No copyright clearance for any other use has been obtained or sought. © Qualifications and Curriculum Authority 2003 QCA key stage 2 team, 83 Piccadilly, London W1J 8QA Sourced from SATs-Papers.co.uk Order refs: QCA/03/1010 (pupil pack) QCA/03/1009 (mark schemes pack) http://www.SATs-Papers.co.uk 254901